Bisphosphonates in bone disease

from the laboratory to the patient
  • 184 Pages
  • 4.55 MB
  • 51 Downloads
  • English
by
Parthenon Pub. Group , New York
Diphosphonates -- Therapeutic use., Bones -- Diseases -- Chemotherapy., Bone Diseases -- drug therapy., Bone Diseases -- metabolism., Diphosphonates -- therapeutic use., Diphosphonates -- pharmaco
StatementHerbert Fleisch.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRC930 .F54 1997
The Physical Object
Pagination184 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1007874M
ISBN 101850709513, 1850709521
LC Control Number96047806

Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, Fourth Edition, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates.

Details Bisphosphonates in bone disease PDF

The book provides a table listing the trade names of the commercially available bisphosphonates, registered indications, and the. Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, Fourth Edition, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates.

The book provides a table listing the trade names of the commercially available bisphosphonates, registered indications, and the Cited by: Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, Fourth Edition, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates.

The book provides a table listing the trade names of the commercially available bisphosphonates, registered indications, and the Manufacturer: Academic Press.

Bisphosphonates are considered to be the treatment of choice for people with Paget's disease of bone because they are highly effective in suppressing elevated bone turnover. The principal indication for anti‐resorptive therapy is localised bone pain thought to be caused by increased metabolic activity (Selby ).Cited by: Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, 4E, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates.

The book provides a table listing the trade names of the commercially available bisphosphonates, registered indications, and the available forms for.

This book is an essential handbook on bisphosphonates, the most widely used new class of drugs for osteoporosis therapy.

It reviews basic physiology in addition to the indications and adverse reactions of these drugs. Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, 4E, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases. There is also a gross under usage of the bisphosphonates reported in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with metastatic bone disease.

The primary objective of this study was to systematically review the efficacy of various bisphosphonates in reducing SREs and bone pain, improving survival in patients with bone metastases from lung by: In Paget's disease, several bisphosphonates can reduce bone pain and decrease the bone turnover 60‐70%.

Cyclical oral etidronate and daily oral alendronate both proved to reduce the vertebral fracture rate for postmenopausal osteoporotic woman, while most investigated bisphosphonates can increase spinal bone mass in by: Medical uses. Bisphosphonates are used to treat osteoporosis, osteitis deformans (Paget's disease of the bone), bone metastasis (with or without hypercalcaemia), multiple myeloma, and other conditions involving fragile, breakable bone.

In osteoporosis and Paget's, the most popular first-line bisphosphonate drugs are alendronate and these are ineffective or if the person.

Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, Fourth Edition, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates.

The book provides a table listing the trade names of the commercially available bisphosphonates, registered indications, and the Brand: Elsevier Science. Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, Fourth Edition, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates.

The book provides a table listing the trade names of the commercially available bisphosphonates, registered indications, and the Brand: Elsevier Science. This book reviews basic physiology in addition to the indications and adverse reactions of these drugs.

It discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal toxicology before presenting a clinical picture of the diseases treated by bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonates bind to the surfaces of the bones and slow down the bone resorping action of the osteoclasts (bone-eroding cells).

This allows the osteoblasts (bone-building cells) to work more effectively. How effective are they.

Description Bisphosphonates in bone disease FB2

All four bisphosphonates increase bone density and reduce the risk of fractures of the spine (vertebral fractures). A key pharmacological feature of bisphosphonates is their ability, like pyrophosphate, to bind to bone mineral.

Binding of bisphosphonates to bone mineral can be bidentate through the two phosphonates, as is the case for clodronate, or it can be tridentate (Barnett and Strickland, ) through a third moiety, such as a hydroxyl or a nitrogen attached to the carbon atom, as is the case for.

Get this from a library. Bisphosphonates in bone disease: from the laboratory to the patient. [Herbert Fleisch] -- This book is an essential handbook on bisphosphonates, the most widely used new class of drugs for osteoporosis therapy.

It reviews basic physiology in addition to the indications and adverse. Researchers found that the use of bisphosphonates was associated with the development of “micro-cracks” in the bone of the osteoporosis patients being studied.

The lead author of the study, Dr. Abel, described the outcome as “startling” as the bones of the subjects taking bisphosphonates had a larger number of these micro-cracks and. Bisphosphonates may also shorten the life span of osteoclasts. The bisphosphonate compounds available in at least one country include etidronate, clodronate, pamidronate, tiludronate, alendronate Cited by:   In addition to treating osteoporosis, bisphosphonates and denosumab are also used to treat cancer that has spread to the bone.

The risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw is much greater for people taking higher doses of these drugs to treat cancer than it is. Bisphosphonates and cancer.

Bisphosphonates are drugs that help prevent or slow down bone thinning (osteoporosis). They can help to treat some types of cancer that cause bone damage. You might hear bisphosphonates called bone hardening or bone strengthening treatment.

They are also a treatment for high levels of calcium in your blood. Bisphosphonates May Cause Bone Disease. Bisphosphonates are a class of drugs used to fight bone loss that occurs with osteoporosis.

These medications are often prescribed to post-menopausal women with osteoporosis, but they are also prescribed for Paget’s disease and to cancer patients for the prevention of bone fractures.

Emerging Opportunities for Bisphosphonates in Metastatic Bone Disease Bone metastases occur in about 70% of patients with metastatic breast cancer. Aboutpeople will die with bone metastases, and only about 20% of people who have bone metastases from breast cancer are still alive 5 years after they are found to have metastatic disease.

Bisphosphonates bind strongly to the hydroxyapatite in the bone and interferes with osteoclasts, which are the bone cells that break down bone. The bisphosphonate molecules are incorporated into newly formed bone as they are analogs of pyrophosphate.

Hydroxyapatite is a calcium phosphorus compound that makes up about half of bone mass. Bisphosphonates are not metabolized by pyrophosphatases.

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They have very high affinity for bone surface. What does not bind to bone is excreted in the urine unchanged (6,7). Bisphosphonates are poorly absorbed by the gut, with less than 1% bioavailability after oral administration (8). Osteoporosis and tooth loss are health concerns that affect many older men and women.

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become less dense and more likely to fracture. This disease can affect any bone in the body, although the bones in the hip, spine, and wrist are affected most often. In the United States more than 53 million people either already have osteoporosis or are at high.

Bisphosphonates are currently the mainstay of treatment for patients with MM bone disease, although several new agents are currently in clinical trials. Bisphosphonates are carbon-containing derivatives of pyrophosphate in which chemical substitution on the carbon atom optimizes their affinity for bone mineral and activity against osteoclasts.

To the Editor: In her Perspective article on bisphosphonates in children with bone diseases (July 31 issue), 1 Dr. Marini comments that “treatment with bisphosphonates from infancy does not. This book is an essential handbook on bisphosphonates, the most widely used new class of drugs for osteoporosis therapy.

It reviews basic physiology in addition to the indications and adverse reactions of these drugs. Bisphosphonates in Bone Disease, Fourth Edition, discusses the compounds' chemistry, mechanisms of action, and animal.

Bisphosphonates are intravenous drugs designed to treat bone metastasis. These drugs can reduce damage to the bone, lower the risk of breaks, reduce high. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MON, MRONJ) is progressive death of the jawbone in a person exposed to a medications known to increase the risk of disease, in the absence of a previous radiation treatment.

It may lead to surgical complication in the form of impaired wound healing following oral and maxillofacial surgery, periodontal surgery, or endodontic therapy.

Because bisphosphonates are approved for treating navicular disease, this is their primary use in horses. Study results have shown IV-administered tiludronate. 8 disease’, ‘periodontal diseases’, ‘alveolar bone 9 resorption’, ‘host modulation’ and ‘jaw necrosis’.

10 BISPHOSPHONATES: CHEMISTRY AND MODE.You may hear alendronate, ibandronate, and risedronate called “diphosphonates” instead of “bisphosphonates.” A diphosphonate is the same thing as a bisphosphonate; just chalk it up to the idiosyncrasies of the scientific world to have two words (long ones, at that) for the same thing.Osteonecrosis of the jaw.

Marx () J Oral Maxillofac Surg – [PubMed] Bone, joint or muscle pain. Consider stopping medication if persists.