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China, dual use technology

Hearing before the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session, June 25, 1998
  • 153 Pages
  • 4.79 MB
  • English
For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office
The Physical Object
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7378026M
ISBN 100160580234
ISBN 139780160580239

However, U.S. engagement with China in AI should be calibrated based on an awareness of its official strategy for military-civil fusion and the resulting dual-use dilemma associated with potential transfers of knowledge, expertise, and technology.

(The US Department of State controls goods used primarily for military purposes, including most satellite and aerospace technology and parts.) Because of concerns about PRC military involvement with private-sector technology firms in China, BIS heavily scrutinizes licensing applications for dual-use exports to China.

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The articles, inspired by a report from the intelligence firm Blue Heron on IBM’s dealings with China, highlight the tensions between maintaining security over American dual-use technological. Get this from a library.

China, dual use technology: hearing before the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session, J [United States. Congress.

House. Committee on Science.]. Janu Room Senate Dirksen Building 1st & Constitution Ave., NE Washington, D.C. AGENDA U.S. Export Policy to China. In politics, diplomacy and export control, "dual-use" refers to technology that can be used for both peaceful and military aims.

More generally speaking, dual-use can also refer to any technology which can satisfy more than one goal at any given time. Thus, expensive technologies which would otherwise only benefit civilian commercial interests can also be used to serve military purposes when.

The Chinese refused to hand the samples of the the novel coronavirus to the Russian experts, because, as they said, it was of the “dual-use” technology. Meaning it was a biological weapon, and, probably, they couldn’t share specimens of the viral materials without to be accused in a violation of the U.N.

Security Council Resolution Despite a cyber-warfare truce inChina probably still is engaged in the theft of sensitive U.S.

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military technology, says a defense analyst. Emerging technologies in the fields of biotechnology, nanotechnology, nuclear research, and information technology have great promise to enrich our lives. In the new security environment, however, these new technologies must be examined carefully, especially with regard to their potential dual-use nature.

This report addresses the difficulties of writing and enforcing regulations with the. Russia and China continue to conduct sophisticated on-orbit satellite activities, such as rendezvous and proximity operations, at least some of which are likely intended to test dual-use.

China has helped modernise Iran’s armed forces and sold it civil nuclear technology. The Chinese are always trying to find ways to buy dual-use products, say Israeli businessmen.

“Huawei continues to receive contracts from the Chinese military to develop dual use communications technologies. As of January,Huawei remained active in the funding program.

Dual-Use Technologies and the Equities Issue. On ApEstonia was attacked in cyberspace. Following a diplomatic incident with Russia about the relocation of a Soviet World War II memorial, the networks of many Estonian organizations, including the Estonian parliament, banks, ministries, newspapers and broadcasters, were attacked and -- in many cases -- shut down.

Update: Dual use items and technologies import and export licensing catalogue in China Update: The list of Japan ISHA Chemical Substances requiring Labeling and Deliver of Documents, etc. Updade: Lists of Existing Chemical Substances in Japan More news. ization of Chinese military technology has largely depended on imports from abroad.

China has come to realize the im-portance of dual-use technologies, which can be utilized for peaceful purposes or in 21st-century high-technology war-fare, and the country has begun to exploit the opportunities that dual use offers. But imported dual-use. Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare.

Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress inthe. China Dual Sim Phone manufacturers - wholesale high quality Dual Sim Phone products in best price from certified Chinese Cell Phone wholesalers, China Phone manufacturers, suppliers and factory on   A vehicle on display at the 9th International Military and Civilian Dual-use Technology Exhibition in Chongqing, J (Photo: China News Service/Zhou Yi).

How China Is Weaponizing Outer Space. There is considerable merit in Washington’s claims about the dual-use nature of China’s space program. writing in his book.

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The dual dispensing technology market is driven by increase in demand for smart and innovative dispensing systems and equipment in developing countries such as India and China. Dual dispensing technology offers the user multiple ratio option which allows for multiple settings between formulas/5(29).

The debate about the dual-use nature of nuclear, biological, and chemical technologies is not new. While nuclear physics have demonstrably improved power generation and health sciences, nuclear weapons have advanced states’ military capabilities and, in many cases, created proliferation challenges that are intertwined with commercial nuclear.

China was a world leader in science and technology until the early years of the Ming dynasty. Chinese discoveries and Chinese innovations such as papermaking, printing, the compass, and gunpowder (the Four Great Inventions) contributed to the economic development in East Asia, the Middle East and e scientific activity started to decline in the fourteenth century.

China continues to steal trade secrets. Six were arrested and seven charged with theft of Trelleborg's dual-use undersea technology. China, one of the five nuclear weapons states under the NPT, is estimated, as of Juneto possess nuclear warheads, an arsenal that has steadily increased in recent has simultaneously sought to modernize and expand its nuclear delivery systems, which include some nuclear-capable land-based missiles and a limited number of submarines, SLBMs, and strategic bombers.

“Information indicates that the People’s Republic of China engaged during the reporting period in biological activities with potential dual-use applications, which raises concerns regarding.

‘dual use’ goods, technology, software, documents or diagrams which meet certain technical standards and could be used for military or civilian purposes (for example nuclear materials Author: Department For International Trade. The List of Dual-Use Goods includes a wide range of goods that are designed for commercial applications, but can have military applications or potentially be used as precursors or components of weapons of mass destruction.

A 5-digit alphanumeric code is used for goods and technology in the List of Dual-Use Goods. Importers and exporters of dual-use items and technologies should review the New Catalogue to verify whether any import / export licenses should be applied for before importing or exporting the item and technology through China.

Below is a brief summary of the updates by section. As this trend takes hold, US companies will have to carefully determine the end use or end-user of US high-tech, potentially dual-use goods. China’s national laboratories and the majority of China’s military/defense industrial enterprises are located in this region, some of.

In this case of rare earths and dual-use magnet technology, no quick or easy resolution is likely. As China and Japan grow ever closer economically, there will be Author: Stephen Harner.

Dual use technology has yielded significant breakthroughs for military applications, including Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles and nuclear power. However, with the broad democratization of advanced technology, we may now see an increase .commercial ports.

The dual-use infrastructure that China constructs through BRI – such as ports and airfields – can serve as the building blocks for a more robust logistics network that enables the PLA to deploy more regularly and at a larger scale into the Indian Ocean and beyond.

11File Size: KB. According to Rusnano CEO Anatoly Chubais, Russia has already found an alternative source for the technology (mostly memory MRAM) in China and other markets.

“This is an example where we were able to quickly find a solution so work at the .